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Scientists indicate that Poland should move away from burning coal in the energy sector no later than by 2030. To meet the 2030 deadline, the decarbonization pace in the Polish energy industry – heavily reliant on coal – should be faster than in other European countries.


Key conclusions:

1. To meet the Paris Agreement’s commitments and counteract climate catastrophe, European Union member states – including Poland – must move away from burning coal by 2030 at the latest. The year 2030 is a conservative estimate.


2. The indicated deadline of Poland’s coal phase-out results from studies and in-depth research of recognized institutions such as the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and Climate Analytics.


3. As Poland has the highest share of coal in its energy mix in the EU, 75%, the decarbonization pace of the Polish energy sector should be faster than in other European countries.


Press release in English

Executive summary in English

Executive summary in Polish

Full publication text in Polish

Data supplement www.bit.ly/instrat2030data


Czyżak, P., Hetmański, M., (2020). 2030: Analysis of the border coal phase-out year in the energy sector in Europe and Poland, Instrat Policy Paper 01/2020.


Text of the publication is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0). Data supplement is available under respective licenses of data providers or CC BY-SA 4.0 if not stated.